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What's the difference?
PWM VS MPPT
The two types of charge controllers most commonly used in today’s solar power systems are pulse width modulation (PWM) and maximum power point tracking (MPPT). Both adjust charging rates depending on the battery's charge level to allow charging closer to the battery’s maximum capacity as well as monitor battery temperature to prevent overheating.
PV array & battery voltages should match.
PV array voltage can be higher than battery voltage.
Operates at battery voltage so it performs well in warm temperatures and when the battery is almost full.
Operates above battery voltage so it is can provide “boost” in cold temperatures and when the battery is low.
Typically recommended for use in smaller systems where MPPT benefits are minimal.
≈ 150W – 200W or higher to take advantage of MPPT benefits.
PV array sized in Amps (based on current produced when PV array is operating at battery voltage).
PV array sized in Watts (based on the Controller Max. Charging Current x Battery Voltage).
Must use off-grid PV modules typically with Vmp ≈ 17 to 18 Volts for every 12V nominal battery voltage.
Enables the use of lower cost/grid-tie PV Modules helping bring down the overall PV system cost.
A solar power system typically includes a solar panel or array that generates electricity, a battery bank that stores the electricity for later use, and an inverter that converts the DC power from ...